For years, Internet has been not only a fantastic platform for communication and dissemination of information but also a space that many malicious found to perform their damage. The fact is that according to the figures, the Most computer viruses, malware and malicious code spread via the Internet, and often the lack of awareness or knowledge we can become the victim of a hacker. Inside it contains the Internet platform The router which provides connection in our home or in our work is regarded as the gateway to these attacks, so to avoid problems of this type, it is extremely important to protect routers effectively, especially teams that provide wireless Wi-Fi. So then you approach some procedures that are useful to protect the router and avoid equipment damage.
Step 1: Change the Password of the Router
As many know, the factory routers include a username and password, which are incorporated by default to start using them easily. This means that often the password becomes recognizable by hackers, and thus these hackers can easily access through our router, to the private network, and from there cause the damage they wish. It is therefore recommended to buy a router, perform the modification of the code of Wi-Fi, for which in principle should open the browser and type the IP address of the router. This address can be found printed on the device body. Once this is done, we introduce the username and default password that came from the factory with the router. It is noteworthy that in most cases, both are “admin ” You can however reach vary by model and brand of device, but we must not despair, because in order to have this information alone is sufficient to perform a simple search on the web specifying the make and model of your router.
When and we have entered the username and password by default, we headed to the section of the security configuration of the device, and we will find the options to change the username and password. We can choose to only change the password, but recommended also modify the user name, of course we must consider the new user name you choose must not have nor our name or our name, as well not terms that can reach any point connection between the router and us, such as a nickname known to all.
Step 2: Upgrade the Firmware
Many users often turn out to be even obsessed with the software update, but the truth is that keeping the software up to date is essential to strengthen computer security. In the case of the router it is the same as the same firmware updates can correct critical security bugs that may have included the device software to leaving the factory. To perform this process, although it can vary from According to the model of the device, however in the official websites of the manufacturers of the router we can always find to download the firmware update, so we need only find the manufacturer’s website, and then download and install the update for the correct model router which we have.
Step 3 :Use WPA or WPA2 instead of WEP
Although today the vast majority of router models available in the market are usually preprogrammed to operate with WEP, it is best to change the password to connect to the network to WPA or WPA2, as these are safer than the first, because they use platforms developed test “aircrack-ng”.
For this, we have to do is log in principle on the router, and turn to options “Wireless” and “Primary Connection.” Then check there if is enabled WEP, and if so what we do is disable WEP and enable WPA / WPA2. In some cases you may be prompted us to re-entry of the password, ie create a new password. At this point, it is recommended to choose a secure password, ie it includes letters, numbers and special characters, in order to prevent this password is simple to discover. Disable WPS While there It is the case of all models, the fact is that many current routers support WPS, which stands for Wi-Fi Protected Setup, providing thus a method of security settings much easier for the user. However, this resource makes the device becomes more vulnerable, and the use of PIN numbers 8 numbers, makes that they can be more easily deciphered by hackers. Therefore, it is recommended to disable also on the menu “Security” router.
Step 4:Hide our name on the network
Because own parameters of the platform, by default all Wi-Fi networks are visible to all, as this facilitates finding them when we want to connect to the network, clear that this also returns to networks much more vulnerable to attacks.Therefore, it is advisable to hide the name of our network, and thus each time a user wants to connect must manually type their name to connect. To enable this feature should only look in the section “Broadcast SSID” or “Broadcast SSID”, and clear the sampling network to remain hidden.
Step 5 : Set only allowed connections
Undoubtedly, one of the best ways to prevent unauthorized access to our network lies in setting up a series of specific permissions on the router, according to the MAC address of each device we have in home or office. To do this, we must first access the security settings of the router, and there find the option “Access Control” or “Access Control”. Then we enable to run the MAC address filter box, and introduce the list of devices that have permission to access the network.